Types of Dental Implants

 

Dental implants are prosthetic tooth roots that help halt or prevent jaw bone loss by repairing a missing tooth or teeth. Although the implantation process is classified as prosthetic (artificial replacement) dentistry, it is also considered aesthetic dentistry.

People who have lost their teeth may be uncomfortable smiling or talking. Furthermore, biting irregularities caused by tooth loss can seriously affect eating habits, leading to secondary health concerns such as malnutrition.

Dental implants, which replace missing tooth roots, provide people the strength and stability they need to eat all of their favorite foods without difficulty chewing. They also assist in stimulating and preserve jaw bone, reducing bone loss, and supporting face features. 

Types of Dental Implants 

Most businesses manufacture dental implants or the materials, or both, required to construct the restorations that sit on top of them. As a result, dentists have various alternatives for determining the best therapy for specific patient needs. However, if you have an implant treatment performed by one dentist and then see another dentist for a repair, your new doctor may have limited knowledge of or access to the material components utilized by the prior dentist.

Your dentist will choose from the various coating, connection, and size options for each kind of dental implant. While there are numerous ways for implant placement, they usually fall into one of two categories. 

Endosteal (Endosseous) Implants:

Endosteal dental implants are the most common kind. They are occasionally used in place of a bridge or removable denture. Endosteal implants can be screwed (threaded), cylindered (smooth), or bladed. Your dentist can advise you on the best form of dental implant for you, although endosteal implants are the safest, most effective, most widely utilized option today. 

Endosteal implants are also widely renowned for producing the most stable and natural-feeling results. 

Endosteal implants are placed by screwing them into the jawbone, which needs proper jawbone health and density. For example, if you have a naturally thin jawbone ridge or one that is short, constricted, and worn down as a result of trauma or disease, you may not have enough bone to support an endosteal implant adequately. A subperiosteal implant may be an alternative in this case. 

Subperiosteal Implants:

Subperiosteal implants are rarely utilized nowadays. They were formerly used largely to keep dentures in place in patients with insufficient bone height. Subperiosteal implants are placed on the jawbone within the gum tissue, with the metal implant post visible through the gums.

The whole treatment procedure for subperiosteal implants is completed in two sessions and is frequently a much quicker treatment plan than for endosteal implants.

Because the implant does not penetrate the jawbone but rather lies on top of the bone and is held in place primarily by soft tissue, subperiosteal implants do not have the same amount of stability as an endosteal implant. Therefore, while it is more stable than dentures without implants, it is less stable than a complete endosteal implant system.

ZYGOMATIC Implants:

If your dentist thinks you are not a candidate for traditional dental implants, zygomatic implants may be the solution for you. Zygomatic implants are a viable option for individuals who are unable to get conventional dental implants. This is commonly caused by a lack of bone in the upper jaw. Longer zygoma implants are connected to the cheekbone rather than being placed in the jaw bone. 

Because they are connected to the cheekbone, zygomatic implants are longer than regular dental implants. The majority of patients can have a fixed bridge installed on the same day as their implants. Replacing dentures with implant-supported bridges can dramatically improve your facial appearance while also restoring the normal biomechanics of your jaw. . You will be able to consume the foods you desire without hesitation once more. Denture implants are also easy to care for because you won’t have to remove them to clean them. There is also a lower chance of losing or damaging denture implants. 

According to studies, zygomatic implants have a near-perfect success rate. Anchoring the implants near the zygoma bone is also a lot faster option than bone grafting. Bone grafts can take up to six months to heal, whereas zygomatic implants can be removed from the dental implant suite the same day. 

Which Dental Implant type is the best for you? 

  • Standard dental implants

Dental implants can be used to replace a single tooth or numerous teeth. A single implant supports a single prosthetic tooth in a single tooth replacement. If you need to replace more than one tooth, you will need more implants or bigger implants to support your replacement teeth. Don’t be concerned if you have a little gap between your teeth. To replace teeth, mini or micro-implants, use tiny screws.  

Dental implants can replace your entire mouth full of teeth in some patients whose smile is bothering them due to missing, damaged, crooked, discolored, or diseased teeth.

Choose to replace the upper jaw of teeth, the lower jaw of teeth, or the complete mouth. Consult your dentist for the best advice if you are planning extensive restoration.

  • Fixed Bridgework

Bridgework may be necessary when many teeth are missing. Fixed bridges, unlike traditional bridges, do not rely on the stability of your remaining teeth. Instead, dental implants are in charge of holding the bridgework together.  

  • Dentures 

Dentures conjure up images of the fake teeth your grandmother used to keep in a glass of water near her bed, don’t they? Dentures can now be implant-supported for a more durable and stable fit. Special attachments are used in implant-supported dentures to minimize mobility. 

When you choose implant-supported dentures, you won’t have to remove and clean your dentures, nor will you worry about losing, dropping, or damaging them. Traditional dentures can irritate your gums and cause gum and bone damage. Implant-supported dentures, on the other hand, are stable, pleasant, and feel natural. In addition, dentures can be manufactured to mimic your natural smile closely or to enhance your grin. 

If you have enough bone in your jaw to support implants, you will be a candidate for implant-supported dentures. 

  • Temporary Dental Implants

A temporary implant might be utilized if your mouth, gums, and bone require time to recover before a permanent dental implant is connected. While your mouth heals, a temporary implant can restore your confidence. In addition, temporary dental implants are suitable for dental emergencies and replacing teeth lost due to trauma.