Regardless of the cause of hair loss, it can greatly affect the self-esteem and mood of the person affected. Some people may not be so bothered by baldness, while others may be much traumatized that they feel they can no longer live as did before. So, what can be done to solve this problem and back self-confidence of the person who suffers from hair loss? A number of available medicines that can stop hair loss exist, but they will not result in the growth of lost hair. In addition, before you start to believe in any of these myths, for example, that hair loss can be stopped and new hair can be grown, you should know that hair transplantation is the only known method that is guaranteed to overcome hair loss and restore hair!
For today, baldness is one of the most common age-related aesthetic problems. According to statistics, 30% of men at the age of 35 years face signs of baldness While 80% are already bald by 70 years old. Hair transplantation is the process of transferring the patient’s own hair follicles from the donor area to the place of alopecia. As a rule, the occipital and side areas of the head act as a donor, which are least susceptible to alopecia. Surgeons have perfected the technique of hair transplantation for almost two centuries (the first documented experiments date back to 1822). By now, most of these operations are performed by the follicular transplantation method, which not only provides the most natural result but also minimizes pain and scarring.
Methods of hair transplantation
There are two main methods of hair transplantation. In both of these procedures, hair transplantation can be so effective and of high quality that even a hairdresser will not know that a hair transplant has been performed. This, of course, will only happen after transplantation when the healing process is complete. The hair transplant procedure ensures a permanent effect and in almost all cases of transplantation, the hair will remain in place for the rest of the people’s life.
One of the methods of hair transplantation is called Follicular Unit Transplantation ( FUT). The method of transplantation FUT (Strip) was a few years ago the most common method of hair transplantation all over the world. Hair transplantation by the FUT (Strip) method combined with a high level of surgical skill, aesthetic perception, and the experience of doctors can lead to the achievement of a completely natural result of high quality and beauty. However, it is a quick but rather crude method, which can leave large scars. It can be applied to one person no more than three times. Follicular Unit Extraction ( FUE) is the second method of hair transplantation. This method is more expensive than the Follicular Unit Transplantation because it is a more time-consuming procedure. Follicular Unit Extraction is a method, which is often favored by patients because of the minimal scarring.
Indications for hair transplantation
The main indication for hair transplantation is the patient’s desire. An important condition for a successful procedure is the level of alopecia. It is necessary that enough hair for transplantation be preserved in the donor area.
This is possible if baldness is caused by age and hereditary and by some external factors (for example, when the loss of hair has occurred because of a trauma or a burn). At the same time, alopecia caused by hormonal changes in the body usually leads to a uniform hair loss. In this case, transplantation will not give the desired result.
To date, the method of seamless hair transplantation allows more patients to regain lost hair. Previously, not everyone could consider himself a suitable candidate, because, for a period of time when this method was not yet developed, there were a number of criteria by which the doctor selected patients. At present, everything has become much simpler and there are no selection criteria. Hair for transplantation is used from other parts of the patient’s body, in cases where a minimum amount of donor material is on the head.
There will be an initial consultation where the surgeon will discuss patient expectations, analyze the patient’s scalps and tell them the number of sessions if more than one is needed and also what results can be expected.
Carrying out hair transplant surgery
A few days before surgery, patients should refrain from using any medications that can lead to intraoperative bleeding and, as a consequence, to poor fixation of transplants such as aspirin. Smoking and alcohol can also contribute to the poor survival of transplanted hair. After the procedure, antibiotics are usually prescribed to prevent transplantation or wound infection.
Hair transplant surgery is not dangerous and is usually performed on an outpatient basis. If the patient wants then he can request mild sedation before injecting a local anesthetic, which usually lasts about five to seven hours. Scalp before the operation is washed out and then treated with an antibacterial agent. In the usual procedure of a follicular operation, the hair transplant surgeon harvests a strip of skin from the back of the head, in an area with good hair growth. The strip has a size of about 1 – 1.5 x 15 – 30 cm. The medical assistants begin to dissect individual grafts of follicular units from the harvested strip while the surgeon is closing the wound. Then the hair transplant surgeon will use a fine needle or a very small microblade to pierce the nodes that will receive the grafts, depending on their predetermined density and pattern. Methods that help the hair transplant surgeon to perform the ultimate part of the procedure by inserting individual hair grafts into place.
Haircare after hair transplantation
Postoperative care involves the use of a semi-permeable bandage that allows blood and tissue fluid leakage. They can be used and changed daily. Now the area where hair has been transplanted should be protected from harmful sun rays. Shampoo can be started two days after the operation. It is believed that washing shampoos are very important to prevent the appearance of scabs around the hair shaft. The risk of loss of newly transplanted hair follicles within the first week or after the FUE procedure increases if the scabs stick to the hair shaft.
The “shock loss” is a very common side effect both man and woman. However, this is not forever, of course. Bald patches are very common, as 50 to 100 hairs can be lost each day. Some swelling of areas such as the forehead or scalp is other side effects. If this is uncomfortable, you can take an over the counter painkiller to ease the discomfort or anti-inflammatory medication can ease the swelling. Be ready that the scalp begins to itch and scratching will make it look worse as it will make scabs to form on the head. A massage or moisturizer shampoo can be used in order to ease the itching.
Hair transplant has such advantages:
- Practically complete painlessness of the procedure and recovery period.
- The accelerated process of engrafting the transplanted hair.
- Absence of traces of transplantation (scars and marks) in the donor area.
- The ability to transplant the hair not only from the back of the head but also from other parts of the body.
The degree of alopecia depends on the type of hair follicles, and not the properties of a particular part of the body. Thus, the transplanted hair will grow throughout life. In addition, if necessary, a repeat operation (if it involves a large area of alopecia) after 6-8 months is carried out.